Who won and who lost in the deal? While each side gained the most benefits, it was the North that seemed to earn the most. The balance of the Senate was now with free states, although California often agreed with the South on many issues in the 1850s. The big victory for the South was the Fugitive Slave Law. In the end, the North refused to impose them. Massachusetts even asked for its cancellation and stole an argument from John C. Calhoun. Northerners said the law was unfair. The flagrant violation of Fugitive Slave Law set the scene of the storm that appeared later in that decade. But for now, the Americans were hoping against the hope that fragile peace would prevail. During the war between Mexico and America, a debate over slavery broke out in the regions, with many countries in the South attempting to extend slavery to newly acquired countries, and many countries in the North opposed such an expansion. The debate became even more complicated by Texas` claim to the entire Mexican territory north and east of the Rio Grande, including areas it had never effectively controlled. These issues prevented the adoption of organic acts creating organized territorial governments for the country acquired during the war between Mexico and America.

In early 1850 Clay proposed a legislative package that would address most of the pressing issues before Congress. Clay`s proposal was rejected by President Zachary Taylor, anti-slavery Whigs like William Seward and pro-slavery Democrats like John C. Calhoun, and debate in Congress on the territories continued. The 1850 compromise contained the following provisions: (1) California was admitted to the Union as a free state; (2) The remainder of the Mexican surrender was divided into two regions of New Mexico and Utah and organized without mentioning slavery; (3) Texas` claim to part of New Mexico was met by a payment of $10 million; (4) New legislation (Fugitive Slave Act) was passed to arrest runaway slaves and return them to their masters; and (5) the purchase and sale of slaves (but not slavery) were abolished in the District of Columbia. Taylor died in July 1850 and was replaced by Vice President Fillmore, who had come privately to support Clay`s proposal. [37] The various invoices were first grouped into an “omnibus” invoice.

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